Each April, organizations around the world recognize Autism Awareness Month, to help raise public awareness and increase understanding of autistic spectrum disorders (ASD). The campaign is kicked off each year on World Autism Day, April 2. Organizations and individuals around the world wear blue, decorate with blue, and use blue lights to raise awareness and show their support for individuals with autism. In honor of this campaign, today we’re going to help raise awareness by providing some facts about this often misunderstood disorder:
- Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a complex set of neurological disorders that impair social, communicative and cognitive functions.
- Cognition varies widely in individuals with ASD, ranging from significant cognitive impairments to above average IQ.
- Typical ASD behaviors include stereotyped actions (hand flapping, body rocking), insistence on sameness, resistance to change and, in some cases, aggression or self-injury.
- Autism has most recently been estimated to affect 1 in 68 children, and is currently the fastest growing developmental disorder.
- Boys are four times more likely to have autism than girls
- About 40% of children with autism do not speak. About 25%–30% of children with autism have some words at 12 to 18 months of age and then lose them. Others might speak, but not until later in childhood.
Check in with us again next week, when we’ll continue the discussion with some early signs and symptoms of ASD.
Do you have a child on the autistic spectrum? Share your story in the comments section below!
If you have any questions or would like to know more about speech-language therapy, give us a call at (212) 308-7725 or send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. I’d be happy to chat and answer any questions you may have.
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Source: http://autismsciencefoundation.org/what-is-autism/quick-facts-about-autism/; http://nationalautismassociation.org/resources/autism-fact-sheet/; https://www.autismspeaks.org/liub