Being fidgety and unable to sit still is a typical part of childhood for most kids. But, for some children, the inability to focus becomes an issue that can affect their academic and social well-being. Attention deficit disorder (ADD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are neurological disorders that decrease a child’s ability to filter out unwanted distractions and makes it difficult to pay attention. ADD is characterized by distractibility that is severe enough to interfere with a child’s day-to-day functioning. In the case of ADHD, the child will also demonstrate restlessness and hyperactivity. What are some of the signs and symptoms of ADD/ADHD?
- Inattention:Difficulty concentrating or sustaining attention is the most prevalent sign of ADD/ADHD. The child may appear to be constantly distracted, not pay attention when being spoken to, and will often express thoughts and comments which don’t relate to the topic at hand.
- Hyperactivity:Children with ADHD are often fidgeting, squirming, and appear generally restless. The child may get up from their seat repeatedly during class or structured activities, and will often try to do more than one thing at the same time, beginning a new activity before completing the first.
- Impulsivity:A child with ADD/ADHD will often appear to act before thinking. An impulsive child may interrupt others in conversation, or have difficulty waiting their turn.
It’s important to note that all of these symptoms, in moderation, are also common to typically developing children, so any one doesn’t necessarily indicate a problem. But if any of these qualities are interfering with your child’s day to day social or academic functioning, you may want to seek the opinion of a professional.
Since ADD/ADHD can impact communication, social functioning, and academic performance, the services of a speech-language pathologist are often recommended to help the child succeed. Check in next week, when we’ll discuss how ADHD/ADD can affect childhood communication and how a speech therapist can help!
For information on our New York based Speech-Language Pathology services, please call Speech Associates of New York today at (212) 308-7725 or visit our website at http://www.speechassociatesofny.com and find out how our team of professionally trained and certified speech-language pathologists can help!
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