Did you know that October 2013 is Dyslexia Awareness Month? In order to help raise awareness about this communication disorder, Speech Associates of NY is blogging about dyslexia: what it is, how it affects communication, and how speech-language therapy can help. Last week, we provided some basics on what exactly dyslexia is. Today, we’ll talk a little bit about how a speech-language therapist can help.
Because all aspects of language are closely linked, a speech-language pathologist’s specialized knowledge of language can help a child with dyslexia improve their linguistic awareness and reading skills. The speech therapist is trained to do a close analysis of a child’s strengths and weaknesses at the sound, word, sentence, and conversational levels.
One common strategy used in improving language and reading, particularly with younger children, is increasing phonological awareness. Phonological awareness is the ability to pay attention to the sound structures of words. While this comes naturally for most people, a child who struggles with dyslexia or other language disorders may need help identifying and recognizing the smaller components of language in a more direct manner.
A speech language pathologist may also help improve sound-letter correspondence, or connecting written letters to the variety of sounds they make, and how this can change in conjunction with other letters. This typically evolves from the letter level up to syllables, and how they combine together to make different types of words. Many children with dyslexia rely on recognizing entire words, almost like a picture, instead of actually breaking down the sounds. Working with a child to help break the code of how letters combine can improve reading skills and general language performance.
For information on our New York based Speech-Language Pathology services, please call Speech Associates of New York today at (212) 308-7725 or visit our website at http://www.speechassociatesofny.com and find out how our team of professionally trained and certified speech-language pathologists can help!
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