Being antsy and filled with energy is a hallmark of childhood. However, for some children, the inability to sit still and focus goes beyond typical youthful energy and becomes an issue that can affect their academic and social well-being. Attention deficit disorder (ADD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are neurological disorders that decrease a child’s ability to filter out unwanted distractions and makes it difficult to pay attention. ADD is characterized by distractibility that is severe enough to interfere with a child’s day-to-day functioning. In the case of ADHD, the child will also demonstrate restlessness and hyperactivity. What are some of the signs and symptoms of ADD/ADHD?
- Inattention: A child with ADD/ADHD will typically demonstrate difficulty concentrating or sustaining attention. The child may appear not to be listening when spoken to, and will often express unrelated thoughts and comments. Difficulty planning, organizing, or completing tasks within a given amount of time, are also common.
- Hyperactivity: Constant fidgeting, squirming, and other signs of restlessness are common signs of the hyperactivity associated with ADHD. The child may get up from their seat repeatedly during class or structured activities, and will often try to do more than one thing at the same time, beginning a new activity before completing the first.
- Impulsivity: A child with ADD/ADHD will often have trouble controlling their impulses, and will appear to act before thinking. An impulsive child may habitually interrupt others in conversation, or have difficulty waiting their turn.
Since ADD/ADHD can impact communication, social functioning, and academic performance, the services of a speech-language pathologist are often recommended to help the child succeed. Come back next week, when we’ll discuss some of the ways a speech therapist can help a child with ADD/ADHD.
For information on our New York based Speech-Language Pathology services, please call Speech Associates of New York today at (212) 308-7725 or visit our website at http://www.speechassociatesofny.com and find out how our team of professionally trained and certified speech-language pathologists can help!
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Source: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/adhd.htm