Cognitive Communication Disorders

When we think of communication disorders, we often think of those that directly affect verbal communication, for example, a language disorder like aphasia or a disorder that affects fluency of speech, like stuttering. But there are many components of communication that affect an individual’s communicative abilities that are not directly related to speech. One example is the range of deficits that fall under cognitive communication disorders.

Cognitive communication deficits encompass those aspects of thought and cognition that when affected, may negatively impact one’s ability to communicate. One of the most common is memory difficulties. An individual may experience difficulties with short- and long-term memory for many reasons, including brain damage resulting from a traumatic brain injury, seizure disorders, or certain types of strokes. Because one must learn and retain information on a regular basis in order to effectively communicate, a speech-language pathologist will often provide therapy for those with memory difficulties, working to increase short-term and long-term recall to enhance their communicative abilities.

Another aspect of cognition that can affect communication is organizational abilities. We all receive an enormous amount of information on a day-to-day basis. In order to effectively process and utilize this information, we must mentally organize it. This includes prioritizing the most pertinent information and mentally grouping like pieces of information together. While this is an unconscious process for most people, those who have sustained brain injuries often need to relearn this skill. A speech-language pathologist can work with those who have organizational deficits to bolster these abilities and improve their everyday communication.

If you or someone you love has a communication disorder, contact Speech Associates of New York and allow our professionally trained and certified speech-language pathologists help you communicate to the best of your ability. Our team provides in-home evaluations and therapy, and is trained in the assessment and treatment of a range of pediatric and adult speech, language and communication disorders. Call us today at (917) 841-2965 and find out how we can help you communicate your best!

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