Over the past few weeks we’ve discussed some of the communication deficits that can arise from experiencing a stroke and how therapy with a speech-language pathologist can help. Today, we conclude our stroke series with one more type of stroke-induced damage: cognitive deficits.
The term cognition refers to thinking skills such as attention, memory, problem solving, and decision making. People who have had a stroke often display issues with many of these areas, especially if there is damage on the right side of the brain. This can cause problems with daily living. People with stroke-induced cognitive deficits may have trouble concentrating on tasks and avoiding distraction, show impairments in memory, and have difficulty learning and processing new information. Goal setting, planning, and self-monitoring can also suffer. All of these deficits can act as obstacles to functioning socially, professionally, or simply getting by in day-to-day situations.
When working with an individual who has suffered damage to their cognitive skills after a stroke, a speech-language pathologist will help to develop strategies to improve their ability to function in day-to-day situations. For example, the speech-therapist may help the patient to develop tools such as checklists or schedules to help organize and remember their day-to-day necessities. A log may also be used to help keep track of daily happenings and serve as an aid to increase memory. The speech-language pathologist will also address general functioning, helping the patient to become aware of his or her specific deficits and learn to self-monitor and compensate in potentially problematic.
Have you or someone you know experienced a stroke? Contact us today at www.speechassociatesofny.com and let us find the perfect speech therapist to help improve your communication skills and help you return to your daily life.